Foreword by former Chairman Jørgen Jahre
As a tanker owner, my interest in establishing closer contacts within the industry dates back to the 1930s. The Torrey Canyon disaster in 1967, combined with the dramatic increase in the size of tankers in the following years, convinced me that the time was ripe for stronger and more effective international co-operation.
The Chairman of the Greek Shipping Co-operation Committee at the time, John EG Kulukundis (Rethymnis & Kulukundis), gave me full support, as did industry leaders Erling Dekke Næss (Næss Shipping), Mærsk McKinney Møller (AP Møller) and Filippo Cameli (Cia. Marittima Carlo Cameli).
At a time when Worldscale was being established, the pound sterling had been devalued and insurance premiums for very large crude carriers had undergone an enormous increase, it was decided that the International Tanker Owners’ Association should extend the scope of its activities. A new organisation would be established in Oslo under the name of the International Association of Independent Tanker Owners, which would retain the short title of INTERTANKO. Its stated aim was “to further the interests of independent tanker owners” and it would co-operate with the oil industry, national and international organisations. The London-based Association was formally put into voluntary liquidation on 30 December 1970.
Jan Hudig of PHs Van Ommeren became the first chairman and Norwegian lawyer Tormod Rafgård, was engaged as secretary general and later managing director, posts he successfully held for 25 years. I agreed to become the next chairman in January 1973 and stayed in the chair for what turned out to be three challenging years for independent tanker owners. I am very grateful for the support that was given to me and the small secretariat by my fellow members in the Executive Committee in this early rather difficult period.
INTERTANKO has since evolved and progressed, growing in stature and influence and assuming an increasingly important role in defending the independent tanker owners’ interests. While the tanker markets and tanker owners’ fortunes have vacillated, INTERTANKO’s aims have remained constant throughout – to promote safe transport, cleaner seas and free competition. These aims will continue to motivate and inspire the Association towards further achievements in the service of its members, to the benefit of the tanker industry and the international maritime community.
Jørgen Jahre was born in Tjølling in 1907 and managed all the activities of Bulls Tankrederi AS from 1944 until he became a partner in Anders Jahre A/S in 1948. As one of our Association’s founding fathers, Jørgen Jahre served as INTERTANKO Chairman from 1973 to 1976 and was elected Honorary Member of INTERTANKO in 1982. He died in 1998.
Browse the links below to learn more about our history and the history of tanker shipping.
The International Tanker Owners’ Association (1934-1970)
It is not much more than 100 years ago that shippers of many liquids switched from barrel to bulk carriage of oil. The decline in the cooper’s trade mirrored the rise in the bulk tanker’s development. Early tankers were coal-driven and had auxiliary sails. Loading and measurement were rudimentary and controlled by men signalling with flags for example.
New lift – Jan Hudig (1970-73)
INTERTANKO started its life in Norway in the building of Norges Rederiforbund, the Norwegian Shipowners’ Association, a solid edifice next to Oslo Town Hall.
The oil world in turmoil - Jørgen Jahre (1973-76)
The rising market that owners were enjoying at the end of 1972 continued to benefit them into 1973, or at least those who were operating on the voyage market.
Cleaner seas - Erling Dekke Næss (1976-1979)
Erling Dekke Næss succeeded to the Chair of INTERTANKO in February 1976.
Confronting shipping protectionism - Sir Yue-Kong Pao (1979-1982)
Sir Yue-Kong Pao’s contribution to INTERTANKO was marked by the Association’s developing place on the world political stage.
Scrap to survive - Carl Rentz-Petersen (1982-1984)
Carl Rentz-Petersen of Danish shipowner AP Møller, who had succeeded Mærsk McKinney Møller on INTERTANKO’s Executive Committee in 1974, was elected Chairman in 1982.
Tankers at war - James H Rand (1984-1987)
Jim Rand was the first American to be elected Chairman of INTERTANKO when he succeeded Carl Rentz-Petersen in March 1984.
Peace in the Gulf - Basil Ph. Papachristidis (1987-1989)
INTERTANKO’s Membership in 1987 totalled 135 million tons of oil carrying capacity, spread over 33 maritime countries.
Exxon Valdez changes the world - Seigo (Shigeyuki) Suzuki (1989-1992)
Seigo (Shigeyuki) Suzuki of Japan’s Mitsui OSK Line was elected to succeed Basil Papachristidis as Chairman of INTERTANKO at the Annual Meeting in Madrid in May 1989.
Can tankers be green? - Andreas KL Ugland (1992-1994)
Battling with the poor public image of tanker owners and the tanker industry was a major priority of Andreas Ugland’s term of office.
Consensus Building - Miles A Kulukundis (1994-1996)
Perhaps the major challenge facing INTERTANKO under its new Chairman Miles Kulukundis was the continuing question of "quality shipping" and "substandard tankers".
Into the 21st century and beyond (1996-2009)
Richard du Moulin took over as INTERTANKO Chairman in 1996 when the idea took root that responsibility for safe and sound shipping is shared between all those elements which are involved in its execution.
Responding to new challenges (2010-Present)
Moving forward to 2010, INTERTANKO Chairman Capt Graham Westgarth reported: "Having enjoyed a generally strong performance over the previous five years, 2009 was not the easiest of years for the tanker industry as reduced transportation demand for tankers suppressed freight rates and tanker values".